Physiotherapy Treatment for Back Pain
Physiotherapy is designed to help people prevent injuries in the future, and also involves rehabilitation for those who have recently been injured or have had an operation.
Physiotherapy has a component that involves promoting wellness and fitness as well. Treatments are personalized, taking into account the fitness level of the patient, their age, lifestyle, and other relevant factors.
Physiotherapy is a holistic form of therapy, and does not involve invasive procedures or powerful drugs. It is needed in order to help manage acute and chronic health problems, and will help patients prevent disability and injury in the future. It can also help patients or athletes maintain their level of performance, or even augment it to reach peak levels of fitness.
Here, however, our focus will be on how physiotherapy can benefit your back pain.
Physiotherapy Treatment for Back Pain
Physiotherapy helps treat a wide array of health problems and disorders. Manual therapy may be used to loosen joints that have become stiff due to disease, age, or an accident. Often, the joints along the spine may restrict your range of motion due to being stuck.
Your physiotherapist may also focus on movement and customized exercises that are tailored to your lifestyle. First, they will diagnose your condition. Then, they will devise a plan that you can implement at work or at home.
Muscles that have become weak will become strengthened, while those that are too tight will be gently stretched. Acupuncture may also be used. Needles are gently inserted into various pressure points on your body, and will not cause discomfort, pain, or other issues. Energy points will be targeted in order to treat your back pain. Known as meridians, the painful muscles and nerves in your back will be targeted by the treatment to alleviate pain.
Shockwave therapy may be used in order to improve mobility and also alleviate back pain. While the name may scare some people off, shockwave therapy is a non-surgical treatment for back pain that does not require any painkillers afterwards. According to a study conducted by the Journal of Physical Therapy Science, shockwave therapy was found to be highly effective in treating lower back pain.
Types of Physiotherapy Used for Back Pain Relief
Passive physiotherapy may involve ultrasounds, TENS units, and hot and cold therapy. An ultrasound will utilize heat and energy in order to accelerate healing in the lower back muscles while reducing pain in the process.
TENS units involve the use of an electrical current to reduce pain in the lower back region. The voltage generated is of a low level, so you do not need to worry about being electrocuted.
Hot and cold therapy will involve either an ice massage or a heat pack in order to reduce pain in the lower back region. Inflammation will also be reduced, and hot and cold therapy is most effective when the back pain and inflammation are not advanced.
Active physiotherapy involves aerobic conditioning and muscle-strengthening exercises. Aerobic conditioning is designed to reduce pain in the long term, and may involve low-impact exercises like cycling or water therapy.
Chronic or acute lower back pain may be caused by a weak core and back. Your physiotherapist may suggest muscle-strengthening exercises in order to ensure that your back will heal as intended. Dynamic lumbar stabilization is commonly prescribed in order to ensure that the back is healing properly.
Risk Factors for Back Pain
Ageing is a risk factor for back pain, as wear and tear over time may affect the spine and lead to spinal stenosis and other conditions that can cause back pain. There is also some evidence that certain spinal diseases or disorders—such as degenerative disc disease—may have a genetic component.
Occupational hazards are also something to be aware of. Repetitive lifting and bending may lead to back injuries over time. Standing for long hours without taking breaks can cause back issues, and jobs that require sitting for prolonged periods of time may cause back problems.
Being overweight may also place added pressure on the lower back, and overstrain or overload to the back may cause debilitating back problems if not rectified.
Prevention of Back Pain
You can prevent back pain by stretching and exercising every day if possible. It is also important to maintain a healthy body mass index. Eat a healthy and balanced diet, and visit your doctor regularly for checkups and annual blood and urine tests.
Proper posture is of paramount importance. Avoid standing or sitting for too long, and ensure that your mattress, chairs, and other furniture are ergonomically sound. You should also quit smoking, as it is linked to a wide array of health conditions and problems, including cancer, stroke, and heart disease.It is important that you reduce stress. Stress is linked to acute back pain, as well as pain in many other key parts of the body. Relax and listen to music in order to lessen stress. Aromatherapy, physiotherapy, and massage therapy may also help reduce stress.
Eliminate Back Pain
Back pain can be relieved by relieving tension in the back region. Physiotherapy can help strengthen your muscles and maximize your range or motion. It can accelerate the healing process after surgery, and may reduce the number of appointments you need to make with your doctor. Joint mobility and posture will also be improved after a few visits. In the end, the goal of physiotherapy is to increase your overall health, fitness, and quality of life.
Many people turn to powerful painkillers in order to treat their back pain. While painkillers are quite effective, they also involve serious side effects. Some people become addicted to opiods, which can lead to many mental, physical, and financial issues.
Surgeries can also be quite costly and painful, and carry many risks and possible complications. Physiotherapy, on the other hand, does not involve any invasive procedures or painkillers, and takes a holistic approach to healing.
About the Author
Erin Gregory is a blogger in Toronto. She is currently working as a Community Manager for several small businesses. She has graduated with honors from the University of British Columbia with a dual degree in Business Administration and Creative Writing.