Role of Women’s health physiotherapy


What is women’s health physiotherapy?

Women’s health physiotherapy is a type of non-surgical treatment. It is used to treat a wide range of women’s health issues, such as pelvic/ vaginal pain, musculoskeletal pain, incontinence, and more. Usually, doctors and physical therapists recommend women’s health physiotherapy for pregnancy and birth support.  

Due to structural makeup, hormones, childbirth, and pregnancy, specific rehabilitation care is required for women.

A woman’s body goes through various changes during pregnancy, and some problems may occur like hip pain, back pain, bowel issues, and more. Here women’s health physiotherapists play an essential role in improving patient’s condition and health through home exercise. For females, women’s health physiotherapy is the best option to deal with pain and discomfort issues. In this treatment plan, physical therapists include different exercises and activities to improve various signs caused by women’s health issues. A physical therapist can help you to improve your health and change your way of living.  

This blog can help you to learn about women’s health physiotherapy and its role. 

Conditions treated my women’s health physiotherapy

Physical therapists can treat a wide range of conditions specific to women, such as pelvic floor disorders. Many women don’t know about treatment alternatives that can assist in treating their physical disease and enhance their quality of life. If you are a woman, you can treat the following condition with women’s health physiotherapy.  

  • Loss of bladder control
  • Stress urinary incontinence or mixed incontinence
  • Sudden or frequent urges to urinate
  • Discomfort related to the urethra or bladder 
  • Dropping of the pelvic organs; including vagina, bladder, bowel, rectum, or uterus,
  • Loss of bowel control
  • Abdominal muscle weakness
  • Pelvic girdle injury/pain
  • Backache / stiffness
  • Bladder / Bowel dysfunction
  • Carpel tunnel syndrome
  • Coccydynia
  • Cesarean/Perineal scar management
  • Bone density concerns related to menopause
  • Pelvic girdle instability or pain
  • Overactive bladders
  • Mastitis or Blocked Milk Ducts
  • Constipation
  • Decreased fitness levels/inactivity
  • Pelvic floor muscle damage
  • Postural changes
  • DRAM – Diastasis of Rectus Abdominus Muscle
  • Constipation
  • Pelvic floor muscle weakness, pain, or tightness
  • Pelvic pain and vulvar pain,
  • Pain with urination
  • Vaginal pain
  • Perineal Pain
  • Discomfort with sexual intercourse/use of the tampon
  • Bowel Dysfunction / Constipation
  • Muscle Weakness
  • Pelvic Floor Weakness
  • Pelvic Organ Prolapse
  • Urinary Stress Incontinence
  • Urinary Urge Incontinence
  • Weight Gain
  • Pain and dysfunction during pregnancy

Some other conditions

  • Osteoarthritis 
  • Osteoporosis 
  • Breast and other cancers 
  • Rehabilitation following breast surgery 
  • Lymphedema 
  • Post-menopausal heart disease 
  • Chronic myofascial pain      
  • Patellofemoral pain syndrome 
  • Hypermobility syndrome
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Sacroiliac (SI) joint dysfunction
  • Fibromyalgia 
  • Ailments unique to female athletes

 Importance of physiotherapy in women’s health

Women’s health physiotherapy plays an essential role in promoting wellness, health, and fitness. It is vital to comprehend that the physiological and physical attributes of women are unique. Physiotherapy is one of the natural and safest ways to handle women’s physical attributes. 

Three functions are unique to females, including lactation, pregnancy, and menstruation. Women’s health physiotherapists understand the physical differences of women, and they are trained to help women live pain-free and healthy.  

Both pregnant and non-pregnant women can benefit from women’s health physiotherapy. It can promote the natural healing process and improve the strength of the body. 

Physiotherapy helps to address the following issues:

  • Injuries caused due to accidents
  • Health condition of postnatal
  • Pelvic floor prolapse
  • Urinary incontinence during pregnancy
  • Related to pelvic floor muscles 
  • Level of pain
  • The root cause of pain 
  • Range of motion 
  • Ability to walk, stand and sit 

Reduce the risk of heart disease: Women’s health physiotherapy is the best option to reduce the risk of heart disease.  

Improve the lifestyle: An effective physiotherapy offers an opportunity to live an active life. Women’s health physiotherapy can help you to avoid your bad habits and improve your lifestyle.

Prevents the future injury: Women’s health physiotherapy includes a wide range of strengthening exercise and activities that allows you to become stronger and prevent future damage and pain. 

Improve the mood:  Hands-on therapy and activities help patients to decrease their stress and anxiety level. Aerobic exercises allow your body to release endorphins responsible for improving the mood and relieving the pain. 

Prevent endometriosis:   Effective women’s health physiotherapy may include pelvic floor muscle lengthening, stretching and flexibility exercises, relaxation exercises, and manual myofascial therapy. These  home exercise Englewood can help patients to treat endometriosis. 

Premenstrual syndrome: Women’s health physiotherapy can prevent the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome. Physiotherapy treatment may include manual and hands-on therapy to reduce the discomfort as well as tension. 

Handle pregnancy-related issues: Women’s health physiotherapy can treat various pregnancy-related problems like muscle weakness of the pelvic floor, weakened abdominal muscles, leg cramps, lower back pain, neck pain, and more. 

In many cases, doctors recommend women’s health physiotherapy for pelvic floor prolapse issues. This type of treatment can help the women decrease discomfort and recover before, during, and after childbirth. An experienced physiotherapist can treat a wide range of pregnancy-related issues.  

Goals of women’s health physiotherapy

  • Develop strategies to prevent pain from recurring
  • Improve the flexibility
  • Pain management
  • Work on balance
  • Prepare for surgery
  • Decrease stiffness and pain 
  • Improve the ability and movement
  • Manage pain
  • Restore the range of motion
  • Develop dynamic strength
  • Preventing your condition from getting worse
  • Prevent from injuries
  • Improve the posture and function
  • Improve the quality of life
  • Improve mobility 
  • Reduce discomfort and pain before, during, and after childbirth
  • Maintain fitness 
  • Increase the strength to support the joint
  • Improve the mobility
  • Regain the ability to perform daily activities 
  • Allows you to stay fit and offer an active life
  • Increase blood circulation
  • Improve your posture

When should you visit a women’s health physiotherapist?

If you are experiencing the following issues, you should visit your women’s health physiotherapist. Avoiding some problems or symptoms can affect your body and overall health. Seek medical help if you have 

  • Overactive bladder symptoms like urge incontinence and urinary frequency 
  • Leakage of urine during the regular actions and activates
  • Problems with bowel evacuation
  • Faecal urgency and incontinence
  • Chronic constipation
  • Pelvic organ prolapse
  • Dyspareunia (painful intercourse)
  • Pelvic girdle pain during 
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Vaginismus (spasm of the vaginal muscles)
  • Overactive pelvic floor

How women’s health physiotherapists can help

A women’s health physiotherapist is equipped with the latest devices and equipment to find and treat different women’s health issues, from incontinence to overactive bladder symptoms. Your physiotherapist will work with you and support you in various phases of your life. They will develop a personalized therapy plan to offer you an active and pain-free life.     

During pregnancy

During pregnancy, women may experience extreme pain. Some issues like back pain, shoulder pain, pelvic girdle pain, thumb pain, and wrist pain are normal in this condition. It is vital to visit a women’s health physiotherapist if you start to experience discomfort or pain in your hips, ribs, lower back, or pelvic girdle during your pregnancy.   

Women’s healthy physiotherapists are licensed and trained experts. They can help you to deal with various issues during pregnancy. Women’s healthy physiotherapists can help you to become stronger and adopt further changes in your body. Their personalized therapy session can make you capable of handling all the challenges of the post-natal period.  

During the post-natal period

After having children, most women experience issues related to c-section scar, separation of the abdominal muscles (diastasis recti), pelvic and sexual pain, pelvic organ prolapse, and more.  

Women’s healthy physiotherapists may utilize pelvic floor checking techniques to ensure you are contracting correctly. 

To check this, they can also use a real-time ultrasound machine. Women may also experience other issues during the post-natal period, like prolapse, muscle pain, widening of the tummy muscle gap and blockages, mastitis, and more. For these issues, the physiotherapist may use practical activities and home exercise in Englewood.

After surgery

A trained and experienced physiotherapist can help you increase recovery speed after the surgery. They can also help you decrease the pain level and regain your strength, flexibility, balance, and independence. Women’s healthy physiotherapists offer strengthening and stretching training. Stretching exercise will help you restore your flexibility, and strengthening training will help you improve your muscle strength. Your physiotherapist can also help you to improve your poor posture and prevent future injury and pain. 

What does a pregnancy physiotherapist do?

If you are pregnant, visiting a pregnancy physiotherapist can be helpful for you in different ways because they can help you both during and after pregnancy. Your pregnancy physiotherapist can help you to decrease the level of muscle and joint pain. They can help you with prolapsed, post-natal, and antenatal physiotherapy.

 Prolapse physiotherapy

Women may experience prolapse when the pelvic floor separates from the uterus. Many women experience this issue during childbirth. A physical therapist can help in different ways, including:

  • Supplementation

Women’s health physiotherapists may recommend supplements to increase the estrogen level. It also allows rebalancing the hormones 

  • Fitting pessaries

To support the patient’s pelvic floor, women’s health physiotherapists may insert the pessaries in patient’s vagina 

  • Surgery

In critical conditions, a physiotherapist may recommend a surgical procedure.   

 Post-natal physiotherapy

In Post-natal physiotherapy, Women’s health physiotherapists may include the following treatment:

  • Connective tissue therapy and caesarean scar treatment

Women’s health physiotherapists utilize this therapy during birth time. It helps women recover from a C-section.

  • Rectus diastasis treatment

This treatment helps to rebuild the abdominal wall. It also enhances the core activation post-pregnancy.  

  • Post-pregnancy exercises

Women’s health physiotherapists offer some effective post-pregnancy exercise that will help you to stay fit and active. 

  • Posture changes

Due to large breasts and wrong breastfeeding positions, women may experience pain and other issues. Women’s health physiotherapists can resolve this issue by improving your posture.  

Antenatal Physiotherapy

Women’s health physiotherapists offer the following treatment for women during their pregnancy. 

  • Treatment of pelvic girdle pain

By posture adjustments and strengthening the pelvic floor, physiotherapists can treat pelvic girdle pain.

  • Education

Women’s health physiotherapists offer relaxation techniques, birthing classes, and  home exercise in Englewood. These can help women during childbirth. 

What to expect on your first women’s health physiotherapy appointment

Your first session with a women’s health physiotherapist is known as an initial evaluation. In the first assessment, experienced and trained physiotherapists will spend the time with you to understand and check your condition. In this session, the expert will learn about your previous level of strength and functions.  

Your physiotherapist will check your comprehensive history, including gynecological history, regular activities, general health, and other medical histories.  

They may also ask different questions about your sexual health, bladder bowel, and pain. Your physical assessment will start with an examination of your lumbar spine, pelvis, and abdominal muscle. Physical assessment is an essential part of your examination because it helps understand the strength and tone of your pelvic floor muscles.   

 Women’s health physiotherapists may also perform different tests to check your overall health condition. They can examine to check the following:

  • Level of pain
  • ROM (Range of motion)
  • Strength 
  • Flexibility
  • Balance 
  • Blood pressure
  • Blood and oxygen flow in the body
  • Palpation
  • Functional mobility

After gaining the valuable information, the physiotherapist will build a therapy plan. They will include a wide range of exercises and activities in your therapy plan. These activities and experiences will help you to decrease the level of pain and discomfort.    

Women’s health physiotherapists may also use other techniques, like

  • Bladder training
  • Core muscle training
  • Home exercise in Englewood
  • Down-training for an overactive pelvic floor
  • Advice for prolapse management
  • Biofeedback for bowel evacuation retraining
  • Pelvic floor-safe exercise advice
  • Pelvic floor muscle awareness and training
  • Post-surgical rehabilitation and exercise guidance 
  • Prescription of abdominal support garments
  • Real-Time Ultrasound for visual biofeedback

About the Author

Marilyn Jackson is a freelance web content writer helping solopreneurs and small businesses build their online presence through friendly, long-form and shareable blog posts. She has expertise in writing about the healthcare industry for many years. Other than writing, she enjoys travelling to adventurous places and explore new food.


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