The Role of An Accountant in Business and Personal Finance Management

Finance is the study of money. It deals with the question of how an individual or a firm can acquire the needed money. It guides the way of money investment. There are three major study areas, and often finance is split into Personal finance, Corporate finance and Public finance.

An accountant is a professional with the knowledge of accounting or accountancy. Accountancy is the measure of assurance about financial information that helps authorities to make decisions about allocating resources.

There Are Different Occupations for Accountants. Some of Them Are Listed Below:

  • Certified public accountant
  • Chartered certified accountant
  • Chartered accountant
  • Chartered management accountant
  • Certified management accountant, and many more.

Roles of An Accountant:

  • Risk Calculation and Management: they calculate risks, analyses, and manage business accounts using the proper framework and judgments for effective business finance management.
  • Reporting: Sorting the proper content and communicating properly and clearly with the intended audience.
  • Research: Identifying the proper framework and implementing standards for the efficient business environment.
  • System and Process Management: Figuring out the proper business processes for efficient and effective business operations mostly related to finance.
  • Technology and Tools: Utilizing the relevant technology and tools to analyze data and effectively perform the assigned tasks and support other competencies. 

Areas of Finance


Personal finance:

It is defined as the planning of spending and saving and at the same time, considering the possibility of future risks. The steps for financial planning:

  1. Purchasing insurance for the protection against future events.
  2. Understanding tax policies like subsidies and penalties.
  3. Studying the effects of credit on the financial standing of an individual.
  4. Planning and preparing for retirement and other long-term expenses of the employees.

Personal Finance Involves Paying Home Loans, Car Loans, Etc. There Are Six Critical Areas Advised by A Financial Accountant:

  1. Financial Position: It deals with the personal data of an individual like household cash flows and net worth.
  2. Adequate Protection: It is the analysis of protecting the household from uncertain risks.
  3. Tax Planning: It is the analysis of tax management as tax is the most significant expense.
  4. Investment Goals: This the planning for the accumulation of enough money for large purchases and liabilities.
  5. Retirement Planning: The process of understanding the cost of living after a certain age and saving money for that phase of life called retirement planning.
  6. Estate Planning: The process of distributing assets to their heirs after the death of an individual.

Corporate Finance:

It deals with financing, capital structuring, and investment decisions. It is often connected with the company’s decision to assume capital and some investment linked decisions. It manages the short-term decisions for finance that affect the firm’s operations. This division also deals with the sourcing capital. There are three types of the corporate finance task:

  1. Capital Investment: This process is mainly concerned with the capital budgeting.
  2. Capital Financing: It is liable for the sourcing capital of equity or debt. It is also a balancing act between them.
  3. Short-Term of Liquidity: It is considered as a short-term financial management.

Public Finance:

It usually encircles a long-term perspective regarding investment decisions that affect public entities. It encircles for five or more years. Public finance is primarily concerned with:

  1. It identifies the required expenses of a public sector entity.
  2. It monitors the source of that entity revenue. 


An accountant can work in corporate law, taxation audit, and finance, or a mathematics field, where analytical skills and critical thinking skills are required. These are the technical competencies that add value to the business and contribute to the betterment of the financial management of an individual. for knowing more information about accounting, please visit here for further information.


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